as adapted from ed origami wiki


Table of Contents

IntroductionSo what is Blooms Taxonomy?Bloom's Digital TaxonomyThis diagram represents Bloom's revised TaxonomyICT Tools Key and examplesBloom's revised taxonomy and Digital ApproachesTaxonomy ElementKeywords & ActionsDigital ApproachesCreatingEvaluatingAnalysingApplyingUnderstandingRemembering*Resources:FilesWeb 2.0 Tutorials
Many teachers use Bloom's taxonomy and Bloom's revised taxonomy in developing and structuring teaching and learning experiences for their students. This is an attempt to marry Bloom and the key action verbs to digital approaches and tools. This is mainly PC based. Tools that are FOSS (Free or Open Source Software) are in italics. Some tools are marked with abbreviations as they cover a variety of tools.
Main page Traditional and Digital approaches

So what is Blooms Taxonomy?

Benjamin Bloom developed, in the 1956 while working at the University of Chicago, developed his theory on Educational Objectives. He proposed 3 domains or areas:
  • Cognitive - person's ability to process and utilize information (thinking), this is what Bloom's Taxonomy is based on
  • Affective - This is the role of feeling and attitudes in the learning/education process
  • Psychomotor - This is manipulative or physical skills
Bloom's Taxonomy is a taxonomy of activities and behaviours that exemplify higher order thinking skills (HOTS) and lower order thinking skills (LOTS). Bloom's allows use to rank and structure different classroom activities and plan the learning process. In the 2001, Lorin Anderson and other revised Bloom's original work to give use Bloom's Revised Taxonomy.
Bloom's and Revised Bloom's give us a learning process. * Before you can understand a concept or fact you must remember it,
  • To apply a concept you must understand it first,
  • To evaluate a process you must have analysed it etc.Each layer builds on the previous The creative process naturally incorporates these elements. If you look at the constructionist principles that Gary Stager applies using lego to problem solve all of the elements of Bloom's are present in the process of creating a "lego" solution to a problem. You must remember (even if you are learning as you go), understand and apply these principles and concepts, analyse and evaluate the success of your design, the process and concept.

Bloom's Original taxonomy

Bloom's revised taxonomy




One of the major changes is going from Nouns to Verbs, as the verbs imply an active process. Also the changing of the Knowledge category (Knowledge is a product) to Remembering a process. Comprehension becomes the active verb Understanding and so on.
Bloom's and Bloom's Revised Taxonomies are widely accepted and used globally. They are excellent tools planning

Bloom's Digital Taxonomy

Bloom's Digital Taxonomy is a project I am currently working on. In this project I am linking current and emerging practice, behaviours and actions into Bloom's Revised Taxonomy. The additional verbs are added into the taxonomy below in italics

This diagram represents Bloom's revised Taxonomy

This is a diagram of Bloom's revised Taxonomy showing the flow and process of learning. - A Churches
This is a diagram of Bloom's revised Taxonomy showing the flow and process of learning. - A Churches

Bloom's revised taxonomy and Digital Approaches

Taxonomy Element

Higher order to lower order thinking

Keywords & Actions

Items in italics are part of Blooms' digital taxonomy

Digital Approaches

Key: WP word processing, DTP desktop Publishing, GIS Geographic Information Systems

Higher Order Thinking


Generating/creating new ideas, products, or ways of viewing things (Putting together/combining ideas, concepts or elements to develop/construct/build an original idea or engage/stimulate in creative thinking).
Rubrics At create level -
external image pdf.png Publishing -podcasting rubric.pdf
external image pdf.png digital publishing rubric.pdf
Designing Constructing Planning Producing Inventing Devising Making Building programming, filming, animating, Blogging, Video blogging, mixing, remixing, wiki-ing, publishing, videocasting, podcasting, directing/producing
Film (Movie maker, Avid Free DV, Pinnacle Studio, Adobe premier elements Online tools [See web2.0],,,, www,

Presentation (Powerpoint, Impress, Zoho presentation tool, Photostory, Google present)
Story (WP, DTP, Presentation, podcasting, photostory, voicethread)
Project (WP, Ganttproject for Gantt charts and PERT Charts, Openproj for gantt, Pert and critical pathways) calendars, flow charts [inspiration, freemind, C-Map , smartideas], mind maps)
Blogging & video blogging (Creating original content in a blogging environment) - Blogging tool, blogger, wordpress, classroom blogmiester, bloglines
Vodcast, podcast videocasting screen casting - voice thread, blogging tool, skype
Plan(Inspiration, Cmap, free mind, WP, Calendar)
New game (Gamemaker, RPGmaker)
Model (Sketchup, Blender, Maya3d PLE, autocad)
Song (finale notepad, WP, Sound recorder, Audacity, podcasting, recording narration in presentations [photostory 3, powerpoint, impress] Online tools [See web2.0] )
Media product (DTP, Movie maker, Corel, GIMP,, Tuxpaint, Alice, Flash, Podcasting - Online tools [See web2.0] )
Advertisement (DTP, Corel, GIMP,, Tuxpaint, Movie maker, Alice, Flash, Podcasting)
Painting (Corel, Paint, GIMP,, Tuxpaint online tools -


Justifying a decision, solution, answer or course of action (Judge/evaluate/analyse the value of ideas, concepts, materials and methods by developing/constructing and applying standards and criteria).
Rubrics at Evaluating level -
external image pdf.png validating rubric.pdf
external image pdf.png 2 threaded discussion rubric.pdf
Checking Hypothesising Critiquing Experimenting Judging Testing Detecting Monitoring (Blog/vlog) commenting, reviewing, posting, moderating, collaborating, networking, reflecting, (Alpha & beta) testing.
Debate (WP, sound recorder, podcasting, inspiration, free mind, Chatrooms, IM, email, Discussion boards, video and Phone conferencing [skype, IM])
Panel (WP, chatrooms, IM, email, Discussion boards, Video and phone conferencing)
Report (WP, DTP, Presentation, Camera)
Evaluation (WP, DTP, Mind Map Presentation, camera, GIS[Google earth, Google Maps, Flickr Arcview/explorer])
Investigation (Internet, Online tools, camera, WP, GIS[Google earth, Google Maps, Flickr Arcview/explorer])
Verdict (WP etc)
Conclusion (WP, DTP, Presentation)
Persuasive speech (WP, Sound recorder, reasonable -argument software, Mind map - presentation mode)
Commenting, moderating reviewing posting - discussion boards, forums, blog, wiki's, twitter, threaded discussions, bulletin boards, chatrooms
Collaborating: discussion boards, forums, blog, wiki's, twitter, threaded discussions, bulletin boards, chatrooms, video conferencing, chatrooms, instant messaging, txt and pxt messaging, video messaging audio conferencing
Networking - social networking tools, audio and video conferencing, email threads, telecommunications, instant messaging etc


Breaking information into parts/components to explore/develop/construct understandings and relationships (Breaking information down into its component elements).
Rubrics at Analysing level -
external image pdf.png data analysis rubric.pdf
Comparing Organising Deconstructing Attributing Outlining Structuring Integrating, Mashing, linking, reverse-engineering, cracking, mind-mapping, validating
Survey (Web, WP, Spreadsheet, surveymonkey email, discussion boards)
Database (relational; databases using MySQL and Access,Flatfile database using Spreadsheet, wikis, GIS [Google earth, Google Maps, Flickr, Arcview/explorer])
Abstract (WP)
Relationship maps - Herring or fish bone mind maps, SWOT Analysis, PMI, Venn, 6 Questions [See Bloom's, Learning styles & thing organisers] ( Inspiration, kidspiration, smart ideas, Cmap, Mindmapper, freemind Online tools -
Report (WP, DTP, spreadsheet, presentation, web, GIS [Google earth, Google Maps, Flickr Arcview/explorer])
Graph (Spreadsheet, digitizer)
Spreadsheet (Calc, excel)
Checklist (WP, Spreadsheet)
Mashing - intel mash up
Chart (Spreadsheet, digitizer, mind mapping tools online tools -


Using information, concepts and ideas in another familiar situation (Using strategies, concepts, principles and theories in new situations).
Rubrics at Applying level -
external image pdf.png wiki editting rubric v2.pdf
external image pdf.png collaboration rubric.pdf
Implementing Carrying out Using Executing Doing, running, loading, playing, operating, hacking, uploading, sharing, editing, Wiki editing
Illustration (Corel, inkscape, GIMP, Paint)
Simulation (Floor map, graphic tools, google sketchup)
Sculpture Demonstration (Presentation, graphics, screen capture)
Presentation - impress, powerpoint, google presentation, Zoho presentation
Interview (WP, mind mapper,podcast, vodcast, audacity, sound recorder)
Performance (Podcast, vodcast, film, audio recording, speech, Powerpoint Show)
editing - video and sound tools
playing - mmorpg's online games, simulations like Global conflicts palenstine


Explaining/defining ideas or concepts (Understanding of given information).
Rubrics at Understanding level - external image pdf.png 2 threaded discussion rubric.pdf

external image pdf.png advanced search rubric.pdf
external image pdf.png search rubric.pdf
Interpreting Exemplifying Summarising Inferring Paraphrasing Classifying Comparing Explaining, Advanced searches, boolean searches, blog journalling, twittering, categorising and tagging, commenting, annotating, subscribing
Recitation (WP, Mind map, flashcards, presentation tools)
Summary (WP, Mind map, internet, wiki)
Collection (WP, Mind map, internet)
Explanation (WP, Mind map, internet)
Show and tell (WP, presentation, graphics, audio tools - audacity sound recorder, video tools, Mind map)
Example (WP, Mind map, internet, DTP)
List (WP, Mind map)
Label (WP, Mind map, Graphics, online tools - ajaxdraw)
Outline (WP, Mind map)
Advanced and boolean searches - advanced search features - google etc
Blog journalling - bloglines, blogger etc
Diary/Journal (blogging, Myspaces, bebo, facebook, bloglines, blogger)
Categorising and tagging - etc
tagging, comments annotating - -noticeboards, discussion boards, treaded discussions, adobe acrobat reader, blog readers, firefox, zotero
Subscribing - aggregators - bloglines, firefox extensions


Recalling specific information (Recall or recognition of specific information).
Rubrics at Remembering level -
external image pdf.png bookmarking rubric.pdf
Recognising Listing Describing Identifying Retrieving Naming Locating/Finding, Bullet pointing, highlighting, bookmarking, social networking, Social bookmarking, favouriting/local bookmarking, Searching, googling,
Quiz/Test (Online tools, WP, Cue sheets)
Flashcards (Moodle, Hot potatoes, scorm objects)
Definition (WP, simple Mind maps, wiki)
Fact (WP, Mind map, internet, discussion boards, email) Worksheet/book (WP, Mind map, Web)
Label (WP, graphics tools)
List (WP, Mind map, Web publishing)
Reproduction (WP, internet, graphics tools, Chatrooms, email, discussion boards)
Bookmarking internet browsers, web 2.0 tools
Social Networking - facebook, myspaces, bebo
Basic Searches - search engines google



external image pdf.png Prensky-Whos_In_Charge.pdf
broken file
broken file

Web 2.0 Tutorials

Without a doubt one of the best resources on the web for web2.0 Technologies is the commoncraft show. Lee LeFever's productions are clear, simple and to the point; most of all they are "In Plain English". Here are the links:
external image commoncraft_logo.gif
external image commoncraft_logo.gif